Types of Surfboards: Their Usage and Components

The world’s waves come in an unlimited variety of forms and sizes, which is why there are so many different surfboard designs, templates, and shapes. Today, companies and artisans create whatever you may imagine.

Retro surfboards, hybrid surfboards, Mini Mal surfboards, well there are a lot to choose from if you are just beginning with surfing.

Here is our article https://www.ombe.co/guides/best-surfboards-for-beginners for the best options of surfboards for the beginners.

Diverse forms produce different surfing experiences, as they do in practically everything in surfing. Let us briefly discuss some of the most common surfboards and their appropriate usage:

Soft-Top Surfboards

  • If you’re taking a surf class or have only surfed a few times, a soft-top longboard is a way to go.
  • They are steady and simple to paddle.
  • Until you gain confidence in catching waves, the ideal place to surf with a soft-top surfboard is in the whitewash.

Longboard Surfboards

  • It is one of the most simple surfboards to learn to ride.
  • It has a lot of stability and paddling force because of its considerable length and breadth.
  • One should always grab a longboard when the waves are fairly little. They enable you to surf modest waves over extended periods.

Fish Surfboards

  • Ideal for little mushy waves.
  • You can surf rapidly on extremely little waves because of the broad shape and flat rocker.
  • If one wants to surf every day, the “Retro-Fish” surfboard should be in your quiver.

Shortbread Surfboards

  • They are the most popular surfboard style among skilled and professional surfers.
  • The surfer can move swiftly and produce a lot of speed because of the small shape and sharp rocker.
  • Because of its lack of stability and paddling strength, the shortboard is not a good choice for beginners.
  • When the waves are bigger and more powerful, this board is an ideal choice.

Mini Mal Surfboards

  • The mini mal is without a doubt the greatest beginning surfboard on the market.
  • Beginner’s guide to surfing small mal soft-top.
  • They’re simpler to handle than a longboard (both on the beach and in the water), but they still have a lot of stability.
  • A good mini mal can handle a variety of situations and give the range of performance needed to go from beginner to intermediate.

Hybrid Surfboards

  • Surfboards that allow you to “have your cake and eat it too.”
  • The broad body provides stability, while the pulled-in tail and steeply angled rails provide agility.
  • These are excellent starter surfboards for people looking to move on to a shortboard.

Funboard Surfboards

  • Maneuverability of the shortboard is combined with the paddling force of a longboard on these boards.
  • One won’t be able to perform quick, dramatic turns on a funboard, But one will have a great time catching almost every wave you paddle for.
  • Beginner surfers who wish to stay away from the huge longboards might choose the funboard.
  • Funboard is an excellent choice for tiny to medium-sized waves.

Identifying the Main Components of a Surfboard

A surfboard may be customized to meet the needs of certain sea and wind conditions. It’s for this reason that surfboards come in a variety of forms and sizes. Despite these changes, the fundamental components of a surfboard are the same.

  1. Nose — your surfboard is the leading edge or tip. It might have a rounded or a pointed shape. It has a direct impact on the paddling and handling abilities of your surfboard.
  2. Rails — your surfboard’s edges or the curved radius that separates the top and bottom surfaces. Hard rails have a square form, whereas soft rails are rounded.
  3. A leash — also known as a leg rope, is used to connect the surfer to the surfboard. Your leash’s point of attachment is the leash plug. It does not affect the performance of the surfboard, but you should verify its location because it may interfere with where you set your feet. More advice may be found in our Leash Guide.
  4. Fins — they act as rudders on a ship, allowing it to keep its course and control. The fin layout of a surfboard can range from one to five fins. Check out the Definitive Surfboard Fin Guide for additional information.
  5. Stringer — A stringer is a thin wooden or carbon fiber strip that runs vertically down the middle of the board. The stringer enhances the stiffness of the surfboard while lowering its weight.
  6. Tail — this term refers to the surfboard’s back end. The tail form has a direct impact on the speed and turning abilities of the surfboard.
  7. Rocker — the vertical curve profile that extends from the tail to the nose area of the surfboard. There are two main types of rockers: heavy rockers with a steep curve and light rockers with a mild curvature.


Depending on the sea and wind conditions, a surfboard can be adjusted. Surfboards come in a range of shapes and sizes as a result of this. Despite these modifications, the basic components of a surfboard remain the same.